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Landscape approach to natural resource management

Landscape approach to natural resource management


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Content:
  • Ecosystem management
  • A Knowledge Brokering Framework for Integrated Landscape Management
  • A global shift toward landscape approaches
  • Which approach provides technical and financial assistance for natural resource management
  • TREESEARCH
  • Landscape-scale approaches for integrated natural resource management in tropical forest landscapes
  • Understanding the Landscape Approach
  • COMMUNITY-BASED NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
  • Landscape approaches for sustainable development, water and land resource management
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: The Landscape Approach: What, where, how?

Ecosystem management

To browse Academia. Log in with Facebook Log in with Google. Remember me on this computer. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Need an account? Click here to sign up. Download Free PDF. Anna Tengberg. Sandra Valencia. A short summary of this paper. Integrated approaches to natural resources management— Theory and practice. Combat Desertification. However, integration is often not well defined. We therefore Email: anna.

We highlight the need for projects to identify clearer system boundaries and main feedback mechanisms within those boundaries, in order to effectively address drivers of environmental change. Implementation of improved integrated natural resources management technologies and practices at the local level can then be extended through spatial planning and strengthening of innovation systems.

To meet multiple the Rio Earth Summit to function as a financial mechanism environmental and development objectives, integrated programming to support countries to meet their commitments to multilateral envi- is becoming increasingly important for the GEF. The IAPs are explicitly designed users, managers, and other stakeholders. The starting aspects of integration are being implemented in natural resources point for integrated approaches is to engage stakeholders and map the management projects.

This paper is the result of a study commis- governance arrangements. One of the processes to be achieved during sioned by the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel STAP of the the implementation of INRM projects is the capacity to learn, reflect, GEF aimed at providing guidance to the GEF on how to develop and readapt the course of action so that management strategies and integrated projects and programmes. The Critics of integrated approaches, in particular to integrated water study addresses the following research questions: a What are the resources management, argue that the integrated approaches are principles for designing integrated natural resources management pro- often loosely defined, and much is open for interpretation of what is jects?

Further criticisms include thinking and selected case studies from GEF projects for the design that the integration of sectors and issues may not be realistic and that and implementation of integrated approaches?

To overcome these challenges, a number of models and frameworks have been developed that serve as guidance, such as the Agricultural Innovation Systems AIS approach.

The complexity of environmental problems if the aim is to be met in the longer term. Effective appropriate activities or intervention strategies to bring about the environmental policies and programmes need to be informed by a required change Anderson et al. The recognition of this complexity, and the uncertainty and indicators to monitor and evaluate whether their actions are that comes with it, has led to the realisation that the management of having the intended impact Margoluis et al.

They also give special attention to experimentation and transition research. The MLP is a framework for analysing learning. Applying systems thinkingSociotechnical transitions are multidimensional as they are to natural resources management comes from the rationale that essentially about the interactions between technology, policy, eco- designing solutions to complex environmental problems requires nomics, culture, and public opinion.

The analysis focused on the extent niche, regime, and landscape. The niche level is where innovations, to which different domains of integration were incorporated into the experimentation, and learning occur; the regime level is the more design of the project.These domains are based on the review criteria stable level, constituted by the norms, rules, and conventions that explained below. Transitions occur from an interaction between the three studies to analyse them against different integration criteria Table 1.

Selection of case studies was based on recommendations from GEF levels, where the landscape level creates pressure on the regime, Secretariat and staff of GEF agencies. Larger programmes addressing destabilizing, in turn, existing regimes and providing opportunities for new innovations at the niche level. Frameworks such as the MLP from transition research can be useful to analyse and remaining gaps that need future attention. Some of scaling up processes. Programme and project documents, 3.

To triangulate the findings from the case studies, interviews with A review of peer reviewed and grey literature of the concept of key informants from GEF agencies, the GEF Secretariat and the GEF integration in the context of natural resources management was Independent Evaluation Office, and project partners were undertaken conducted. This also included a review and analysis of selected GEF see Table 2. The meaning of integration can be disentangled through numerous factors or integration domains applied at different stages of the pro- ject cycle: a problem diagnosis and assessment; b project design; 3.

A stratified random categorised under project stages. The revised domains were then used sample of the total portfolio of MFA projects was selected. The selected review criteria for integration are the August and SeptemberSelected projects included both following: national and regional ones.

Projects with a focus on chemical waste or energy were not included in the sample, as they were covered by 3. The rapid screening knowledge with scientific knowledge: If different data are gath- consisted of a review of project design documents when available, ered independently from each other, a larger integrated picture alternatively the Project Information Form and the results may be impossible to obtain. Water, soil, and agrochemical Sector by Increasing Market Demand for Certified Sustainable Coffee management have a greater impact if they are adopted collectively or within a specific watershed.

Incorporating Countries: Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala climate risk analysis has been identified as an important component of projects like this one. Certification of coffee triggered behaviour change of farmers and they recognised its multiple benefits despite the costs. Partnership with NGOs allowed engaging with a wide range of stakeholders from producers to large coffee companies. All country projects included activities to promote intersectoral approaches and mainstreaming of SLM into policies.

The intersectoral approach was easier to implement at local than central level. A recommendation was that projects should have focused on supporting the policy review and dialogue rather than aiming for direct policy change. There was limited attention paid to governance issues, such as land tenure and land and water access rights. Although local communities were involved, the most vulnerable groups were not always included, especially not women and nomadic groups. The programme plans to establish a new decentralised and distributed KM system that allows a different information management systems to be networked b different web resources web sites such as WOCAT to be directly and easily queried by the information management systems for further details, see Extended Case Study Annex.

Although mostly government driven, some private actors have also been involved in projects. Phase 1 had deficient interaction between the central coordination unit and provincial offices and the monitoring and assessment of land degradation across child projects was also weak.

Local fishers and coastal Policy, and Institutional Support to the Coral Triangle Initiative communities were integrated into governance through comanagement of fisheries refugia and coral reefs, and FFS to engage fishers. The CTI programme is also integrating a strong learning component that supported a regional meeting and other types of knowledge exchange at the regional and global levels.

The project plans to develop practical tools such as public use guides and payment for ecosystem services. The project includes a range of stakeholders from policymakers at national level to inhabitants of areas in and around the PAs. Engagement of local stakeholders will be done through activities such as training of local organizations and operators in providing demand driven, high quality ecotourism services.

The project will also apply an innovative participatory program to monitor management effectiveness.In the regional project, private sector partnerships are developed in local level Climate Resilience and Sustain Livelihoods demonstration projects to initiate a high level of involvement and collaboration. NGOs are involved in promoting Child projects: Advancing sustainable resource management to improve livelihoods and awareness of water, land, and coastal management and use issues.

Nevertheless, innovative aspects of Sustain Livelihoods in Pacific Island Countries the project include the operationalization of R2R approaches and the establishment of a regional community of practice for these approaches. In the Palau child project, the role of local communities is not given strong attention in the project design document, and support to integration of policies and of sectors outside environment and natural resources is also weak.

It supports Coordination project strengthening of multistakeholder platforms that bring together different stakeholders in the environment, agriculture, and food security sectors at multiple scales. A lesson from program design and from the coffee program is that additional mechanisms need to be put in place so that integration and flexibility remains throughout implementation. Modelling requires quantitative data and complex ronment with other sectors to achieve environmental policy inte- computer models that may not always be available to broader gration through better coordination and synergies and avoid development projects and is therefore not applicable to most conflicts with other areas of policy concern e.

Hovden,It also underpins scaling up processes related to institu- investments International Financial Institutions such as World tional innovations and collective action.

The bound- can contribute to political and institutional change. Itis a departure from standard practice that is usually based was included and not included in integrated projects.

Even when defined, it stages of the project cycle. A few of the domains are not included in the findings for the wider GEF portfolio and for natural resources the graph, as the information was not consistently available in project management projects in general. A detailed analysis of each case study design documents e.

Further can be found in the Supporting Information together with a list of the analysis of project completion reports or impact evaluations would randomly selected projects see Data S1. Early GEF programmes 4. Given the drivers of environmental degradation, projects would economic cobenefits see Data S1 for more information.

This does not mean, approaches in China Tengberg et al. However, several chal- however, that the overall number of partners has been reduced. The more recent programmes, such as the Food Secu- phase, whereas the number of GEF agencies has been reduced.

In general, the case studies and inter- regional and national level governance analysis. In other types of pro- views indicate that there is a need for clearer rules of engagement jects, stakeholders are normally included in consultations, but a limited and incentives for collaboration among GEF agencies as well as among number of projects include local stakeholders in steering committees.

It is also worth noting that the institutional anchor at national Several case studies indicate that the GEF has been moving away level of INRM projects is often the Ministry of Environment or equiv- from integrated approaches with a very broad focus that support a alent and not productive sectors, such as agriculture. Participation is there- ies , and there is also stronger focus on knowledge management and fore often not reaching more comprehensive levels of participation, monitoring and assessment in more recent projects and programmes.

Despite ronmental and agricultural related sectors in most projects. Projects' steering committees, for example, are GEF to solve global environmental challenges as a implementation mostly composed of governmental actors at different levels. The pri- strategies; b knowledge and information; and c institutional capac- vate sector has traditionally had a limited involvement as direct bene- ity. They are expected to drive transformational processes that lead ficiary of projects, and the project review confirmed this trend.

To gender aspects, yet in many projects, the level of analysis appears strengthen the contribution of integrated approaches and MFA pro- superficial, suggesting that equity issues are considered only in com- jects to global environmental challenges, integration aspects of high pliance with project preparation requirements, rather than reflecting importance in this type of projects have been included in an INRM a thorough understanding of cultural gender roles and how projects theory of change Figure 2 that builds on the above findings.

These can tackle them.Poverty is usually mentioned in the projects, but aspects include providing support in project design and implementa- few projects explicitly target the most vulnerable or poorest popula- tion to tions. It also involves identifying financial mechanisms management arrangements of beaches and open waters in the CTI.


A Knowledge Brokering Framework for Integrated Landscape Management

Which approach provides technical and financial assistance for natural resource management. A Partnership Approach Natural resource management in India has evolved from a purely technical, top-down approach in the s, to the current decentralized participatory approach Box 1. Landowners Within the division, the Land Quality Section programs regulate and provide technical assistance related to mining, energy exploration and production, dam safety and sedimentation control; the N. Efforts The team leader will lead technical assistance that supports water data advocacy and research, climate change adaptation, and integrated natural resource management.

Integrated natural resource management (INRM) helps resource users, managers, and others to manage resources sustainably by considering.

A global shift toward landscape approaches

In the quest to reach effective land management for best possible use of natural resources, landscape approaches are becoming widely used, often in the agriculture and forestry sector. It is used to analyze growing pressures on our natural resources, to identify needs of present and future generations and how these can best be met. This seminar will provide a platform for discussion on how a holistic landscape approach can be taken when managing land AND water resources jointly to support and serve developing communities. So far, sustainable water management and securing safe water for people living in or downstream the landscape is not in focus in the landscape approach dialogue. Key scholars from different parts of the world will share examples on how land use affect water and other resources important for individuals and societies. Are there perspectives within watershed and river basin management which would be relevant to include in the landscape approach, which would make it more effective in realizing the new Sustainable Development Goals? Find stream of this event here…. From 26 August at to 26 August at

Which approach provides technical and financial assistance for natural resource management

Dupuy, K. Michelsen Institute U4 BriefKendra Dupuy is a political economist working on research about natural resource and energy management, the education sector, and civil society. Formerly a Senior Adviser at U4, she is currently an affiliated researcher at the Chr.

Sustainable land management is at the heart of some of the most intractable challenges facing humanity in the 21st century. It is critical for tackling biodiversity loss, land degradation, climate change and the decline of ecosystem services.

TREESEARCH

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Landscape-scale approaches for integrated natural resource management in tropical forest landscapes

Six key governance factors identified from more than 20 years of global Model Forest experience There is increasing international agreement that the landscape approach is the most effective method of incorporating conservation and human development dimensions into land-use planning and the broader sustainable development agenda. Rather than considering various core elements on the landscape land, water, natural resources, etc. Landscapes are abstract concepts which spatial boundaries and scale differ according to the stakeholders and their values, so participative multi-stakeholder governance is a key aspect. For more than 20 years, the International Model Forest Network IMFN has been implementing participatory, landscape-level approaches to the sustainable management of natural resources. IMFN is a voluntary global community of practice comprised of more than 60 Model Forests that cover million hectares ha in 30 countries and continues to expand.

Program/Project Management Job in Congo about Climate Change and wildlife protection; community based natural resource management;.

Understanding the Landscape Approach

To aid political and institutional decision making in the sustainable use of natural resources the value of ecological, socio-cultural and economic assets has increasingly been communicated in terms of monetary units.Despite reliance upon natural resources, the impact of human activities has now reached a stage where cumulative losses are forcing society to re-appraise the evaluation process and how to better incorporate these values in to the decision-making process. This paper examines the attributes of value held by natural resources within ecological, socio-cultural and economic value domains from the perspective of a rural UK community.

COMMUNITY-BASED NATURAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

RELATED VIDEO: Pact’s Integrated Approach to Natural Resource Management

The Landscape Approach continues to be an evolving theory of land use planning and management that takes an integrated and holistic view of the interdependent human and natural ecosystems. Recognizing that land cannot be conserved in isolation, this approach offers a process for seeking a balance among conservation, natural resources utilization and improvement of human well-being by employing sustainable agriculture, forestry production and conservation of natural capital. With teams in Southeast Asia and the Pacific region, Tanah Air Beta serves as a platform for sharing scientific techniques and knowledge to achieve conservation goals at landscape and seascape level while helping improve the livelihoods of communities in remote forests and coastal areas. Using the Q Method, a system that identifies social perspectives in environmental research, participants quantify the factors that prevent landscapes in Indonesia from functioning as well as possible, while discussing what sets the Landscape Approach apart from other methodologies. Some of the 34 Retreat participants, including the event organizers Prof.

Its mission is to preserve wildlife and wilderness by understanding critical problems, developing scientific solutions and taking conservation actions that benefit nature and humanity.

Landscape approaches for sustainable development, water and land resource management

Restoring degraded lands involves a wide range of approaches. This brief examines how agroforestry approaches in particular can advance land restoration and conservation while also strengthening livelihoods. Brief discussing how Swedish forest experience and knowledge have the potential to make a substantial contribution to establishing resilient landscapes which sustain water, forests and livelihoods. A report reflecting discussions with the Swedish forest and water resource base on key features which enabled the historical Swedish forest restoration project, and how the Swedish resource base can contribute towards international restoration projects. What are integrated landscape approaches and how effectively have they been implemented in the tropics? In the quest to reach effective land management for best possible use of natural resources, landscape approaches are becoming widely used, often in the agriculture and forestry sector.

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