Garden flowers

Hellebore, the Christmas Rose

Hellebore, the Christmas Rose

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Hellebore, or Christmas Rose, is a beautiful winter-flowering flower.

In summary, what you need to know:

Last name : Helleborus
Family : Ranunculaceae
Type : Perennial

: 30 to 80 cm
Exposure : Partial shade and shade
Ground : Ordinary

: Winter

Maintaining and planting hellebore are actions that will facilitate and improve flowering during winter.

  • To read also: Hellebores, the flowers of the cold

Plant a hellebore

It is recommended plant the hellebore, Christmas rose, in autumn, ideally around November but you can plant it untilin spring outside of frost periods.

  • It is rustic since it has a frost resistance of the order of -15 °
  • The hellebore does not flower for 1 or 2 years.

How to plant a hellebore:

A good plantation is the guarantee of seeing your hellebore flower quickly.

  • Avoid direct sun and choose a partially shaded location.
  • Enrich your soil with potting soil for flowering plants.
  • Space each plant about thirty centimeters apart.
  • Water generously after planting.

If you have to move your hellebores, do it preferably in spring and remove the largest possible clod as they don't like to be moved.

  • Multiplication by division of the tuft in spring.

Maintenance of hellebores

Easy to maintain, the hellebore does not flower before the 2nd year after planting. He needs time to settle down.

Care of hellebores:

When buds appear, remove wilted, stained, or faded leaves, especially on Helleborus niger.

Once in bloom, remove the faded flowers as you go to stimulate the appearance of new flower buds.

To make the hellebore even more beautiful, you can remove the damaged leaves to bring out the beauty of its flowers a little better.

Hellebore in pot:

For potted hellebore, a regular supply of fertilizer is necessary because the substrate depletes quickly when in a pot.

Hellebores and varieties

Without pretending to start a collection of hellebores, Christmas roses, it can be interesting to have several varieties in order to multiply the colors and shapes.

By having several varieties of Hellebores, you will also extend the flowering period from November until early spring.

Grown in the garden or the hellebore in a pot, whether wild, rustic, early or late, each hellebore is unique.

Hellebores varieties, Christmas Roses:

Helleborus foetida : A species of hellebore at ease in the undergrowth, fairly hardy and which generally flowers from November and throughout winter.

Helleborus Orientalis : This oriental hellebore is also one of the most diverse in terms of colors and shapes. Easy to maintain.

Hellborus nigercor : It takes its name from its cross between the Niger hellebore and the Corsican hellebore. Its foliage stays green all year round.

Helleborus Niger : Black hellebore, this plant is undoubtedly the most difficult of all the hellebores. She doesn’t like overly acidic soil. This is the real Christmas Rose.

Helleborus Purpurascens : Also called purple hellebore, it is also one of the first to flower.

Helleborus veridis : Or green hellebore, its leaves like its flowers are green and bright.

Hellborus hyemalis : Called small hellebore or winter hellebore, it has the particularity of remaining small and offering very pretty yellow flowers.

Hellebore, the Christmas Rose

The hellebore is a perennial that offers very beautiful flowering and which will accompany winter until the beginning of spring, (November to March-April).

Yes it does not bloom the first year, this is quite normal as it often takes 2 years for her to reveal her pretty little flowers.

In beds, but also in a planter, the hellebore which is also called "Christmas rose »Will seduce you with its beautiful petals in pastel, pink and white tones.

The hellebore grows from year to year and you will be delighted to see its pretty white, yellow, pink, green, purple or purple flowers brighten up your garden or terrace.

Ultimately, the hellebore has only advantages, very very decorative and original, to flower for a long month and to require little care.

Smart tip

By mulching the base of the plant in winter you will protect it from extreme cold!

To read also:

  • Flowers that brighten up gardens, terraces and balconies at Christmas
  • Hellebores, the flowers of the cold
  • All our articles on hellebores

Video: The Health Benefits of Christmas rose or Black Hellebore (August 2022).